Reference Documents

Welcome to our reference documents library. This section is a mixed bag of material of use to researchers and others.

Please contact [email protected] to submit new documents for this reference archive.

APVMA guide for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa sanitisers2007
Asthma and swimming: a meta-analysis2008
Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe2006
Chlorinated swimming pools and respiratory health2009
Lifetime swimming pool attendance, asthma, eczema and respiratory symptoms in school-age children2009
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts2004
Biofilm formation at non chlorinated swimming pool conditions2009
Biofilms and chlorine in a simulated drinking water distribution system1999
Bladder cancer and exposure to water disinfection by-products through ingestion, bathing, showering, and swimming in pools2006
Chemical deliveries to swimming pools2004
Approved classification and labelling guide (Sixth edition) for supply as per Chemical Regulations 2009 (CHIP 4)2009
What REACH means for users of chemicals2009
Chemical safety - working with substances hazardous to health2009
Childhood asthma and environmental exposures at swimming pools2009
Chlorine decay - a summary of work undertaken at Bristol University2002
Occurence of chlorite and chlorate in swimming pool water2011
Efficacy of copper and silver ions and reduced levels of free chlorine in inactivation of Legionella pneumophila1989
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis linked to swimming at the Eastwood Pool, Giffnock2007
Bench-marking pool water treatment for coping with Cryptosporidium2002
Capture, recovery and isolation of Cryptosporidium and advice as to how pool operators could implement this in practice2009
Decontaminating swimming pools and managing Cryptosporidium2004
Guidance for the investigation of Cryptosporidium linked to swimming pools: monitoring, risk assessment and key public health messages2011
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis at a swimming club – can rapid field epidemiology limit the spread of illness?2013
The management of swimming pools associated with Cryptosporidiosis or contaminated by Cryptosporidium oocysts2003
Cryptosporidia – the methodology for effective action in the UK2008
The removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the treatment of swimming pool waters
Cryptosporidium and Giardia in swimming pools in the Netherlands2004
Cryptosporidiosis in the United States; Changing Reporting and Ramifications for Public Health and the Aquatics Sector2009
Filtration removals and swim diaper retention of Cryptosporidium in swimming pools2009
Hyperchlorination to kill Cryptosporidium2010
Water Treatment Design for the London Aquatic Centre 20122009
Vomit and faecal accident response2005
UV and applications in water treatment of commercial swimming pools2011
The use of UV for destruction of combined chlorine2004
Effects of medium-pressure UV lamps radiation on water quality in a chlorinated indoor swimming pool2005
Full scale test of UV-based water treatment technologies at Gladsaxe Sport Centre – with and without advanced oxidation mechanisms2009
Trihalomethanes in Lisbon indoor swimming pools: occurrence and determining factors2012
Trichloramine prevention remains better than cure2006
Toxicological characterisation of dermal exposure to DBPs by an in vitro skin model2011
Total fluid and water consumption and the joint effect of exposure to disinfection by-products on risk of bladder cancer2007
Current issues associated with swimming pools, spas and similar recreational water environments2009
WHO guidelines for drinking water quality2008
Bathing water conditioning2003
Swimming pool attendance, asthma, allergies and lung function in the ALSPAC child cohort2010
Swimming pool disinfection techniques and pitfalls2005
Swimming pool covers – operation and safety issues2006
Water ingestion during swimming activities in a pool: a pilot study2006
Managing swimming pool associated Cryptosporidiosis in holiday hotels2009
CT disinfection made simple2002
Acute exposure to disinfection by-products in swimming pools and short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers2009
Definition and quantification of anthropogenic initial and continual biochemical bathing load in swimming pools2011
Disinfection by-products in swimming pools: minimize or avoid?2011
Genotoxic effects in swimmers exposed to disinfection by-products in indoor swimming pools2010
Haloacetonitriles – another important group of disinfection by-products in swimming pool water2009
Nitrogen-containing disinfection by-products in indoor pool settings - formation and exposure
Numerical simulation and modelling of a typical swimming pool for disinfection by-products assessment2011
Prevalence of irritative symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2009
Identification of disinfection by-products and assessment of mutagenicity of chlorinated and brominated swimming pool water2010
Removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts by filtration in the treatment of swimming pool waters2009
Probabilistic modelling of chlorination by-product risk from indoor swimming pool use2009
Removal of free and combined chlorine at GAC surfaces and impact on pool water quality2009
COC second statement on chlorinated drinking water and cancer2008
Short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers after swimming in a chlorinated pool2010
COC statement on chlorinated drinking water and reproductive outcomes2004
The Good, the Bad, and the Volatile: Can We Have Both Healthy Pools and Healthy People?2010
Trichloramine in the air of indoor pools in Bavaria2009
Efficient ventilation: displacement ventilation and air curtain zoning2011
Noise at work - guidance for employers on the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 20052005
Sport England swimming pool design guidance2010
Development of a pool-model to study the impact of different treatment processes on disinfection by-products
COSHH guidance on diluting chemical concentrates2006
Methods for assessing the disease burden from swimming2009
Legionnaires’ disease: controlling the risks associated with using spa baths2003
Legionnaires’ disease - the control of legionella bacteria in water systems2008
Sodium hypochlorite and chlorine gas: design, handling, and storage issues2006
American national standard for suction entrapment avoidance in swimming pools, wading pools, spas, hot tubs, and catch basins2006
International standard for equipment for swimming pools, spas, hot tubs and other recreational water facilities2009
Installation of ceramic tile in swimming pools2009
Bulk storage of liquid chlorine (edition 7)2005
Effect of free and combined available residual chlorine upon bacteria in swimming pools1950
Disinfection of drinking water (Australian guidelines)
Commercial operating experiences of chlorine-free water; disinfection in spa and wellness center, Sárvár, Hungary2009
ORP testing and chemical automation for swimming pools and spas1990
Review and assessment of alternative water disinfection technologies for municipal swimming pools in the Netherlands2009
Survey of swimming pool / spa sanitizers and sanitation systems2001
Swimming pool shock treatment2004
The significance of some nitrogen related hygienic parameters in swimming pools2009
Requirements for recreational water facility equipment2009
Filter backwashing2005
Optimizing your plant's filter performance2000
Are swimming pool filters really removing Cryptosporidium?
Comparing crushed recycled glass to silica sand for dual media filtration2002
Fine particle monitor trial at Leicester Leys Leisure Centre2003
Impact of split flow treatment by coagulation/ultrafiltration on particle concentrations in pool water2009
Particles and turbidity in pool water - removal by in-line filtration and modelling of daily courses2011
OECD guidance document for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa disinfectants in laboratory and field testing2010
Best practice guidelines for water management in aquatic leisure centres (Sydney Water)2011
Health and water quality of swimming pools: the Italian regulatory guidelines
Recommended standards for swimming pool design and operation1996
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from aquatic environments
Practical experience with treating pool water by membrane filters, UV and electro-chlorination2009
The filter – a source of (re)contamination2009
Effects of high bathing loads on pool water treated by coagulation-ultrafiltration2011
Infection at work: controlling the risks2003
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from swimming pool waters2009
Is chlorine in deep water?2006
Chemical aspects of swimming bath treatment2009
Implementation of the HACCP methodology in swimming pools
Introduction of the parameter 'total organic carbon' (TOC) as a standard for the quality control of swimming pool water
DFE guidance for managing school swimming pools1993
Sustainability issues in swimming pools and spas2011
Swimming pool pest management: a training manual for commercial pesticide applicators and swimming pool operators
The effects of user groups and rest periods on swimming pool water quality2011
Mycobacterium avium complex fact sheet2007
Nitrogen trichloride (NCl3) determination in indoor swimming pools: proposal for a new method2011
Ozone treatment of commercial swimming pools
Benefits of carbon dioxide as pH reducer in chlorinated indoor swimming pools2010
Carbon dioxide in water equilibrium
Effect of selection of pH in swimming pools on formation of chlorination by-products2011
Efficient pool vacuuming leads to positive effects on the chlorine consumption in swimming pools
Faecal incident response recommendations for pool staff2010
Pool & spa management information system - a database for better information and supervision2009
An outbreak of pseudomonas folliculitis associated with a swimming pool2002
Exposure to trichloramine and respiratory symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2007
Indoor swimming pools, water chlorination and respiratory health2002
Respiratory health and baby swimming2006
Respiratory and ocular symptoms among employees of a hotel indoor waterpark resort2007
Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis in swimmers: clinical and cytological aspects2010
Sodium hypochlorite - general information for the consumer2007
Management of spa pools - controlling the risks of infection2006
Spa recreational waters and wellness: state-of-the-art and new perspectives for public health2011
Microbiological contamination and cleaning of balance tanks2011
Pool water microbiological testing – further update2007
Presence of mycobacteria in Portuguese swimming pools2009
Outdoor swimming pools and the risks of asthma and allergies during adolescence2008
The treatment of swimming pool water with sodium hypochlorite1976
Can indoor sports centres be allowed to re-open during the COVID-19 pandemic based on a certificate of equivalence2020
Coronavirus in water review2020
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts – laboratory test programme2021
Disenfection Guidelines2021
Inactivation of SARS CoV2 in chlorinated swimming pool water2021
COVID‑19 transmission during swimming‑related activities: a rapid systematic review2021
Notice of references to standards in support of The General Product Safety Regulations 20052021
WHO Guidelines for drinking water quality2022
WHO Guidelines on recreational water quality2022
WHO Guidelines for safe recreational water environments2022
Swimming pool tank design and
The health benefits of passive heating and aerobic exercise2020
The effect of age and mitigation strategies during hot water immersion on orthostatic intolerance and thermal stress2023
Guidance for the investigation of Cryptosporidium linked to swimming pools2023
Appendix 1 - Cryptosporidium Risk Assessment Check List2023
The Purification of the water of Swimming Baths2024