Reference Documents

Welcome to our reference documents library. This section is a mixed bag of material of use to researchers and others.

It is constantly being developed, both in extent and in the way it is organised, and suggestions are welcomed in both these regards.

Please contact admin@pwtag.org with suggestions or to submit new documents for this reference archive.

Document
Link
APVMA guide for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa sanitisers2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3879/download
Asthma and swimming: a meta-analysis2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3880/download
Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3881/download
Chlorinated swimming pools and respiratory health2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3882/download
Lifetime swimming pool attendance, asthma, eczema and respiratory symptoms in school-age children2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3883/download
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3884/download
Biofilm formation at non chlorinated swimming pool conditions2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3885/download
Biofilms and chlorine in a simulated drinking water distribution system1999https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3886/download
Bladder cancer and exposure to water disinfection by-products through ingestion, bathing, showering, and swimming in pools2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3887/download
Chemical deliveries to swimming pools2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3888/download
Approved classification and labelling guide (Sixth edition) for supply as per Chemical Regulations 2009 (CHIP 4)2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3889/download
What REACH means for users of chemicals2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3890/download
Chemical safety - working with substances hazardous to health2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3891/download
Childhood asthma and environmental exposures at swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3892/download
Chlorine decay - a summary of work undertaken at Bristol University2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3893/download
Occurence of chlorite and chlorate in swimming pool water2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3894/download
Efficacy of copper and silver ions and reduced levels of free chlorine in inactivation of Legionella pneumophila1989https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3895/download
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis linked to swimming at the Eastwood Pool, Giffnock2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3897/download
Bench-marking pool water treatment for coping with Cryptosporidium2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3896/download
Capture, recovery and isolation of Cryptosporidium and advice as to how pool operators could implement this in practice2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3898/download
Decontaminating swimming pools and managing Cryptosporidium2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3899/download
Guidance for the investigation of Cryptosporidium linked to swimming pools: monitoring, risk assessment and key public health messages2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3900/download
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis at a swimming club – can rapid field epidemiology limit the spread of illness?2013https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3901/download
The management of swimming pools associated with Cryptosporidiosis or contaminated by Cryptosporidium oocysts2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3902/download
Cryptosporidia – the methodology for effective action in the UK2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3903/download
The removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the treatment of swimming pool watershttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3904/download
Cryptosporidium and Giardia in swimming pools in the Netherlands2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3905/download
Cryptosporidiosis in the United States; Changing Reporting and Ramifications for Public Health and the Aquatics Sector2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3906/download
Filtration removals and swim diaper retention of Cryptosporidium in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3908/download
Hyperchlorination to kill Cryptosporidium2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3909/download
Water Treatment Design for the London Aquatic Centre 20122009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4017/download
Vomit and faecal accident response2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4016/download
UV and applications in water treatment of commercial swimming pools2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4015/download
The use of UV for destruction of combined chlorine2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4014/download
Effects of medium-pressure UV lamps radiation on water quality in a chlorinated indoor swimming pool2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4013/download
Full scale test of UV-based water treatment technologies at Gladsaxe Sport Centre – with and without advanced oxidation mechanisms2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4012/download
Trihalomethanes in Lisbon indoor swimming pools: occurrence and determining factors2012https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4011/download
Trichloramine prevention remains better than cure2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4010/download
Toxicological characterisation of dermal exposure to DBPs by an in vitro skin model2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4009/download
Total fluid and water consumption and the joint effect of exposure to disinfection by-products on risk of bladder cancer2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4008/download
Current issues associated with swimming pools, spas and similar recreational water environments2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4001/download
WHO guidelines for drinking water quality2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4003/download
Bathing water conditioning2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4002/download
Swimming pool attendance, asthma, allergies and lung function in the ALSPAC child cohort2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4004/download
Swimming pool disinfection techniques and pitfalls2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4005/download
Swimming pool covers – operation and safety issues2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4007/download
Water ingestion during swimming activities in a pool: a pilot study2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4006/download
Managing swimming pool associated Cryptosporidiosis in holiday hotels2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3910/download
CT disinfection made simple2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3912/download
Acute exposure to disinfection by-products in swimming pools and short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3913/download
Definition and quantification of anthropogenic initial and continual biochemical bathing load in swimming pools2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3914/download
Disinfection by-products in swimming pools: minimize or avoid?2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3915/download
Genotoxic effects in swimmers exposed to disinfection by-products in indoor swimming pools2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3916/download
Haloacetonitriles – another important group of disinfection by-products in swimming pool water2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3917/download
Nitrogen-containing disinfection by-products in indoor pool settings - formation and exposurehttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3918/download
Numerical simulation and modelling of a typical swimming pool for disinfection by-products assessment2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3919/download
Prevalence of irritative symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3920/download
Identification of disinfection by-products and assessment of mutagenicity of chlorinated and brominated swimming pool water2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3928/download
Removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts by filtration in the treatment of swimming pool waters2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3911/download
Probabilistic modelling of chlorination by-product risk from indoor swimming pool use2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3921/download
Removal of free and combined chlorine at GAC surfaces and impact on pool water quality2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3922/download
COC second statement on chlorinated drinking water and cancer2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3923/download
Short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers after swimming in a chlorinated pool2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3925/download
COC statement on chlorinated drinking water and reproductive outcomes2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3924/download
The Good, the Bad, and the Volatile: Can We Have Both Healthy Pools and Healthy People?2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3926/download
Trichloramine in the air of indoor pools in Bavaria2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3927/download
Efficient ventilation: displacement ventilation and air curtain zoning2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3933/download
Noise at work - guidance for employers on the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 20052005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3934/download
Sport England swimming pool design guidance2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3935/download
Development of a pool-model to study the impact of different treatment processes on disinfection by-productshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3936/download
COSHH guidance on diluting chemical concentrates2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3937/download
Methods for assessing the disease burden from swimming2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3938/download
Legionnaires’ disease: controlling the risks associated with using spa baths2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3939/download
Legionnaires’ disease - the control of legionella bacteria in water systems2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3941/download
Sodium hypochlorite and chlorine gas: design, handling, and storage issues2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3942/download
American national standard for suction entrapment avoidance in swimming pools, wading pools, spas, hot tubs, and catch basins2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3929/download
International standard for equipment for swimming pools, spas, hot tubs and other recreational water facilities2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3930/download
Installation of ceramic tile in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3931/download
Bulk storage of liquid chlorine (edition 7)2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3943/download
Effect of free and combined available residual chlorine upon bacteria in swimming pools1950https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3944/download
Disinfection of drinking water (Australian guidelines)https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3945/download
Commercial operating experiences of chlorine-free water; disinfection in spa and wellness center, Sárvár, Hungary2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3946/download
ORP testing and chemical automation for swimming pools and spas1990https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3947/download
Review and assessment of alternative water disinfection technologies for municipal swimming pools in the Netherlands2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3948/download
Survey of swimming pool / spa sanitizers and sanitation systems2001https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3949/download
Swimming pool shock treatment2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3950/download
The significance of some nitrogen related hygienic parameters in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3951/download
Requirements for recreational water facility equipment2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3953/download
Filter backwashing2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3954/download
Optimizing your plant's filter performance2000https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3955/download
Are swimming pool filters really removing Cryptosporidium?https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3956/download
Comparing crushed recycled glass to silica sand for dual media filtration2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3957/download
Fine particle monitor trial at Leicester Leys Leisure Centre2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3958/download
Impact of split flow treatment by coagulation/ultrafiltration on particle concentrations in pool water2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3959/download
Particles and turbidity in pool water - removal by in-line filtration and modelling of daily courses2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3960/download
OECD guidance document for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa disinfectants in laboratory and field testing2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3964/download
Best practice guidelines for water management in aquatic leisure centres (Sydney Water)2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3965/download
Health and water quality of swimming pools: the Italian regulatory guidelineshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3967/download
Recommended standards for swimming pool design and operation1996https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3932/download
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from aquatic environmentshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3952/download
Practical experience with treating pool water by membrane filters, UV and electro-chlorination2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3961/download
The filter – a source of (re)contamination2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3962/download
Effects of high bathing loads on pool water treated by coagulation-ultrafiltration2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3963/download
Infection at work: controlling the risks2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3968/download
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from swimming pool waters2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3969/download
Is chlorine in deep water?2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3970/download
Chemical aspects of swimming bath treatment2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3971/download
Implementation of the HACCP methodology in swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3972/download
Introduction of the parameter 'total organic carbon' (TOC) as a standard for the quality control of swimming pool waterhttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3973/download
DFE guidance for managing school swimming pools1993https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3974/download
Sustainability issues in swimming pools and spas2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3975/download
Swimming pool pest management: a training manual for commercial pesticide applicators and swimming pool operatorshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3976/download
The effects of user groups and rest periods on swimming pool water quality2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3977/download
Mycobacterium avium complex fact sheet2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3982/download
Nitrogen trichloride (NCl3) determination in indoor swimming pools: proposal for a new method2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3983/download
Ozone treatment of commercial swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3985/download
Benefits of carbon dioxide as pH reducer in chlorinated indoor swimming pools2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3986/download
Carbon dioxide in water equilibriumhttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3987/download
Effect of selection of pH in swimming pools on formation of chlorination by-products2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3988/download
Efficient pool vacuuming leads to positive effects on the chlorine consumption in swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3989/download
Faecal incident response recommendations for pool staff2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3990/download
Pool & spa management information system - a database for better information and supervision2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3991/download
An outbreak of pseudomonas folliculitis associated with a swimming pool2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3992/download
Exposure to trichloramine and respiratory symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3993/download
Indoor swimming pools, water chlorination and respiratory health2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3994/download
Respiratory health and baby swimming2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3995/download
Respiratory and ocular symptoms among employees of a hotel indoor waterpark resort2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3996/download
Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis in swimmers: clinical and cytological aspects2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3997/download
Sodium hypochlorite - general information for the consumer2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3998/download
Management of spa pools - controlling the risks of infection2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3999/download
Spa recreational waters and wellness: state-of-the-art and new perspectives for public health2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4000/download
Microbiological contamination and cleaning of balance tanks2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3978/download
Pool water microbiological testing – further update2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3980/download
Presence of mycobacteria in Portuguese swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3979/download
Outdoor swimming pools and the risks of asthma and allergies during adolescence2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3984/download
The treatment of swimming pool water with sodium hypochlorite1976https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4958/download
Can indoor sports centres be allowed to re-open during the COVID-19 pandemic based on a certificate of equivalence2020https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4973/download
Coronavirus in water review2020https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4974/download
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts – laboratory test programme2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5073/download
Disenfection Guidelines2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5231/download
Inactivation of SARS CoV2 in chlorinated swimming pool water2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5297/download
COVID‑19 transmission during swimming‑related activities: a rapid systematic review2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5336/download