Reference Documents

Welcome to our reference documents library. This section is a mixed bag of material of use to researchers and others.

Please contact admin@pwtag.org to submit new documents for this reference archive.

Document
Link
APVMA guide for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa sanitisers2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3879/download
Asthma and swimming: a meta-analysis2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3880/download
Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3881/download
Chlorinated swimming pools and respiratory health2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3882/download
Lifetime swimming pool attendance, asthma, eczema and respiratory symptoms in school-age children2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3883/download
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3884/download
Biofilm formation at non chlorinated swimming pool conditions2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3885/download
Biofilms and chlorine in a simulated drinking water distribution system1999https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3886/download
Bladder cancer and exposure to water disinfection by-products through ingestion, bathing, showering, and swimming in pools2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3887/download
Chemical deliveries to swimming pools2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3888/download
Approved classification and labelling guide (Sixth edition) for supply as per Chemical Regulations 2009 (CHIP 4)2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3889/download
What REACH means for users of chemicals2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3890/download
Chemical safety - working with substances hazardous to health2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3891/download
Childhood asthma and environmental exposures at swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3892/download
Chlorine decay - a summary of work undertaken at Bristol University2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3893/download
Occurence of chlorite and chlorate in swimming pool water2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3894/download
Efficacy of copper and silver ions and reduced levels of free chlorine in inactivation of Legionella pneumophila1989https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3895/download
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis linked to swimming at the Eastwood Pool, Giffnock2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3897/download
Bench-marking pool water treatment for coping with Cryptosporidium2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3896/download
Capture, recovery and isolation of Cryptosporidium and advice as to how pool operators could implement this in practice2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3898/download
Decontaminating swimming pools and managing Cryptosporidium2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3899/download
Guidance for the investigation of Cryptosporidium linked to swimming pools: monitoring, risk assessment and key public health messages2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3900/download
An outbreak of cryptosporidiosis at a swimming club – can rapid field epidemiology limit the spread of illness?2013https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3901/download
The management of swimming pools associated with Cryptosporidiosis or contaminated by Cryptosporidium oocysts2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3902/download
Cryptosporidia – the methodology for effective action in the UK2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3903/download
The removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts in the treatment of swimming pool watershttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3904/download
Cryptosporidium and Giardia in swimming pools in the Netherlands2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3905/download
Cryptosporidiosis in the United States; Changing Reporting and Ramifications for Public Health and the Aquatics Sector2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3906/download
Filtration removals and swim diaper retention of Cryptosporidium in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3908/download
Hyperchlorination to kill Cryptosporidium2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3909/download
Water Treatment Design for the London Aquatic Centre 20122009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4017/download
Vomit and faecal accident response2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4016/download
UV and applications in water treatment of commercial swimming pools2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4015/download
The use of UV for destruction of combined chlorine2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4014/download
Effects of medium-pressure UV lamps radiation on water quality in a chlorinated indoor swimming pool2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4013/download
Full scale test of UV-based water treatment technologies at Gladsaxe Sport Centre – with and without advanced oxidation mechanisms2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4012/download
Trihalomethanes in Lisbon indoor swimming pools: occurrence and determining factors2012https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4011/download
Trichloramine prevention remains better than cure2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4010/download
Toxicological characterisation of dermal exposure to DBPs by an in vitro skin model2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4009/download
Total fluid and water consumption and the joint effect of exposure to disinfection by-products on risk of bladder cancer2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4008/download
Current issues associated with swimming pools, spas and similar recreational water environments2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4001/download
WHO guidelines for drinking water quality2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4003/download
Bathing water conditioning2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4002/download
Swimming pool attendance, asthma, allergies and lung function in the ALSPAC child cohort2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4004/download
Swimming pool disinfection techniques and pitfalls2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4005/download
Swimming pool covers – operation and safety issues2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4007/download
Water ingestion during swimming activities in a pool: a pilot study2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4006/download
Managing swimming pool associated Cryptosporidiosis in holiday hotels2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3910/download
CT disinfection made simple2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3912/download
Acute exposure to disinfection by-products in swimming pools and short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3913/download
Definition and quantification of anthropogenic initial and continual biochemical bathing load in swimming pools2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3914/download
Disinfection by-products in swimming pools: minimize or avoid?2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3915/download
Genotoxic effects in swimmers exposed to disinfection by-products in indoor swimming pools2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3916/download
Haloacetonitriles – another important group of disinfection by-products in swimming pool water2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3917/download
Nitrogen-containing disinfection by-products in indoor pool settings - formation and exposurehttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3918/download
Numerical simulation and modelling of a typical swimming pool for disinfection by-products assessment2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3919/download
Prevalence of irritative symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3920/download
Identification of disinfection by-products and assessment of mutagenicity of chlorinated and brominated swimming pool water2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3928/download
Removal of Cryptosporidium oocysts by filtration in the treatment of swimming pool waters2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3911/download
Probabilistic modelling of chlorination by-product risk from indoor swimming pool use2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3921/download
Removal of free and combined chlorine at GAC surfaces and impact on pool water quality2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3922/download
COC second statement on chlorinated drinking water and cancer2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3923/download
Short-term changes in respiratory biomarkers after swimming in a chlorinated pool2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3925/download
COC statement on chlorinated drinking water and reproductive outcomes2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3924/download
The Good, the Bad, and the Volatile: Can We Have Both Healthy Pools and Healthy People?2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3926/download
Trichloramine in the air of indoor pools in Bavaria2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3927/download
Efficient ventilation: displacement ventilation and air curtain zoning2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3933/download
Noise at work - guidance for employers on the Control of Noise at Work Regulations 20052005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3934/download
Sport England swimming pool design guidance2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3935/download
Development of a pool-model to study the impact of different treatment processes on disinfection by-productshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3936/download
COSHH guidance on diluting chemical concentrates2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3937/download
Methods for assessing the disease burden from swimming2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3938/download
Legionnaires’ disease: controlling the risks associated with using spa baths2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3939/download
Legionnaires’ disease - the control of legionella bacteria in water systems2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3941/download
Sodium hypochlorite and chlorine gas: design, handling, and storage issues2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3942/download
American national standard for suction entrapment avoidance in swimming pools, wading pools, spas, hot tubs, and catch basins2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3929/download
International standard for equipment for swimming pools, spas, hot tubs and other recreational water facilities2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3930/download
Installation of ceramic tile in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3931/download
Bulk storage of liquid chlorine (edition 7)2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3943/download
Effect of free and combined available residual chlorine upon bacteria in swimming pools1950https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3944/download
Disinfection of drinking water (Australian guidelines)https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3945/download
Commercial operating experiences of chlorine-free water; disinfection in spa and wellness center, Sárvár, Hungary2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3946/download
ORP testing and chemical automation for swimming pools and spas1990https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3947/download
Review and assessment of alternative water disinfection technologies for municipal swimming pools in the Netherlands2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3948/download
Survey of swimming pool / spa sanitizers and sanitation systems2001https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3949/download
Swimming pool shock treatment2004https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3950/download
The significance of some nitrogen related hygienic parameters in swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3951/download
Requirements for recreational water facility equipment2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3953/download
Filter backwashing2005https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3954/download
Optimizing your plant's filter performance2000https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3955/download
Are swimming pool filters really removing Cryptosporidium?https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3956/download
Comparing crushed recycled glass to silica sand for dual media filtration2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3957/download
Fine particle monitor trial at Leicester Leys Leisure Centre2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3958/download
Impact of split flow treatment by coagulation/ultrafiltration on particle concentrations in pool water2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3959/download
Particles and turbidity in pool water - removal by in-line filtration and modelling of daily courses2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3960/download
OECD guidance document for demonstrating efficacy of pool and spa disinfectants in laboratory and field testing2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3964/download
Best practice guidelines for water management in aquatic leisure centres (Sydney Water)2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3965/download
Health and water quality of swimming pools: the Italian regulatory guidelineshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3967/download
Recommended standards for swimming pool design and operation1996https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3932/download
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from aquatic environmentshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3952/download
Practical experience with treating pool water by membrane filters, UV and electro-chlorination2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3961/download
The filter – a source of (re)contamination2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3962/download
Effects of high bathing loads on pool water treated by coagulation-ultrafiltration2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3963/download
Infection at work: controlling the risks2003https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3968/download
Study of the diversity of E.coli strains isolated from swimming pool waters2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3969/download
Is chlorine in deep water?2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3970/download
Chemical aspects of swimming bath treatment2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3971/download
Implementation of the HACCP methodology in swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3972/download
Introduction of the parameter 'total organic carbon' (TOC) as a standard for the quality control of swimming pool waterhttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3973/download
DFE guidance for managing school swimming pools1993https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3974/download
Sustainability issues in swimming pools and spas2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3975/download
Swimming pool pest management: a training manual for commercial pesticide applicators and swimming pool operatorshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3976/download
The effects of user groups and rest periods on swimming pool water quality2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3977/download
Mycobacterium avium complex fact sheet2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3982/download
Nitrogen trichloride (NCl3) determination in indoor swimming pools: proposal for a new method2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3983/download
Ozone treatment of commercial swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3985/download
Benefits of carbon dioxide as pH reducer in chlorinated indoor swimming pools2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3986/download
Carbon dioxide in water equilibriumhttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3987/download
Effect of selection of pH in swimming pools on formation of chlorination by-products2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3988/download
Efficient pool vacuuming leads to positive effects on the chlorine consumption in swimming poolshttps://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3989/download
Faecal incident response recommendations for pool staff2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3990/download
Pool & spa management information system - a database for better information and supervision2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3991/download
An outbreak of pseudomonas folliculitis associated with a swimming pool2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3992/download
Exposure to trichloramine and respiratory symptoms in indoor swimming pool workers2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3993/download
Indoor swimming pools, water chlorination and respiratory health2002https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3994/download
Respiratory health and baby swimming2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3995/download
Respiratory and ocular symptoms among employees of a hotel indoor waterpark resort2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3996/download
Allergic and non-allergic rhinitis in swimmers: clinical and cytological aspects2010https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3997/download
Sodium hypochlorite - general information for the consumer2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3998/download
Management of spa pools - controlling the risks of infection2006https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3999/download
Spa recreational waters and wellness: state-of-the-art and new perspectives for public health2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4000/download
Microbiological contamination and cleaning of balance tanks2011https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3978/download
Pool water microbiological testing – further update2007https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3980/download
Presence of mycobacteria in Portuguese swimming pools2009https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3979/download
Outdoor swimming pools and the risks of asthma and allergies during adolescence2008https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/3984/download
The treatment of swimming pool water with sodium hypochlorite1976https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4958/download
Can indoor sports centres be allowed to re-open during the COVID-19 pandemic based on a certificate of equivalence2020https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4973/download
Coronavirus in water review2020https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/4974/download
Effects of swimming pool water on cementitious grouts – laboratory test programme2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5073/download
Disenfection Guidelines2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5231/download
Inactivation of SARS CoV2 in chlorinated swimming pool water2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5297/download
COVID‑19 transmission during swimming‑related activities: a rapid systematic review2021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5336/download
Notice of references to standards in support of The General Product Safety Regulations 20052021https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5387/download
WHO Guidelines for drinking water quality2022https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5543/download
WHO Guidelines on recreational water quality2022https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5544/download
WHO Guidelines for safe recreational water environments2022https://www.swimming.org/library/documents/5542/download